The boreal forests, one of the largest carbon stocks on earth, will not be able to respond to global warming by migrating northwards. Massive forest dieback, causing runaway warming, is a more likely scenario.
Sweden can cut greenhouse gas emissions by well over 50 per cent by the year 2020, if results of recent studies for 2050 are “telescoped” into the shorter timeframe, and if the consequences of exported electricity and biomass are accounted for. This could take place without CCS and while much of the nuclear capacity is decommissioned.
In 1991 Sweden introduced a substantial CO2 tax. Though it had many exemptions and was subject to many changes over the years, it did cut emissions. During that time, Sweden also phased out two nuclear reactors.
The EU burden sharing agreement in 1997–98 allowed Sweden a plus four per cent GHG target for 1990–2010. This was motivated by Sweden’s supposed plans to phase out nuclear power by 2010, plans that were already abandoned.
Current levels of air pollution cause severe health impacts in the European Union, resulting in some 370,000 premature deaths each year, increased hospital admissions, extra medication, and millions of lost working days.